Basant Panchami is the Hindu festival that highlights the coming of spring which is also known as Saraswati Puja, Shree Panchami. This festival is usually celebrated in Magh, which is between the months of January and February.
The Goddess Sarasvati is the goddess of intellect and learning and she is known as the mother of Vedas and of knowledge, music, craft, wisdom, arts and auspiciousness. She has four hands which symbolize ego, intellect, alertness and the mind.
She carries a lotus and scriptures in two of her hands and she plays music on the veena (an instrument similar to a sitar) with her other two hands. She rides on a white swan. Her white dress is a symbol for purity. Her swan signifies that people should have the ability to discern the good from the bad. She is also well-versed in the experience of truth.
When the goddess is seen sitting on a peacock, it is a reminder that a strong ego can be held back by wisdom. It is believed that appeasing Goddess Saraswati will remove all the obstacles that one will encounter during his or her career or education.
Goddess Saraswati is known by different names, such as Vak Devi, the goddess of speech and Sakala Kaladhistatri, goddess bestowing all the arts.